In Chapter 2, we considered the general steps in self-help and what
specifically we would like to change about ourselves. In chapter 3, we
thought seriously about our values--what would add meaning to our
lives. So, I will assume you now have some self-improvement goals in
mind. In this chapter, let's see if we can gain more self-control,
starting with behavior, i.e. what you do or how you act.
Chapter 4: Behavior, Motivation and Self-Control
Introduction to Learning
Operant or Instrumental Learning
Recent research clarifies earlier learning concepts
Observational learning: Learning by observing others and by using cognitive processes, including self-help
The Importance of Setting Effective Goals
Theories About the Need for Achievement
Attribution Theory and Achievement
The Motivated Underachiever
The social-cognitive approach: As a student, are you learning or image oriented?
Becoming motivated to study
Popular how-to-be-the-greatest books and programs
Managing Difficult Behavior
Behavioral blocks and getting unstuck
Once we have self-control why do we lose control over some behavior?
Preventing unwanted behavior. Is it really within our powers?
Relapse prevention for addictions
Controlling simple habits
Why is Behavior so Hard to Understand?
The payoffs for a behavior are multiple and may change over time
Reinforcement can be positive (adding rewards) or negative (removal of something unpleasant)
Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation: when do rewards harm?
Enjoying work and "getting into the flow" of the work
Unconscious motives and payoffs
How to stop procrastinating
Planning Behavioral Changes
Review of Methods for Controlling Behaviors
Self-help methods, continued
Completing Your Self-Help Plan
References and Methods for Unwanted Behaviors and Thoughts
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Compulsive spending or overspending
More Specific Problems
More Specific Problems,Part 2
Unwanted thoughts and worries
When to seek professional help